Title: Human Trafficking in Indonesia: Rethinking the New Order's Impact on Exploitative Migration of Indonesian Women
PDF Full Text
Author: Kimura, Kenji
Degree: Master of Arts - Southeast Asia Studies, 2006.
Advisor: Elizabeth Fuller Collins
This thesis describes exploitative migration of Indonesian women, which is nowadays regarded as one of the main forms of human trafficking. In the 1980s the number of female migrant workers from Indonesia increased sharply. This led to an increase in the trafficking of Indonesian women by recruiters and agencies, legal and illegal. This thesis analyzes policies of Suharto’s New Order – the ideology of Women’s Duties (Dharma Wanita), agricultural reform, promotion of international labor migration, and industrial restructuring – as well as the effects of a structural adjustment program, to see why and how these factors domestically and internationally contributed to an increase in vulnerable women migrants. The thesis concludes with recommendations to combat human trafficking and to ensure more secure migration.
Human Trafficking; Indonesia; New Order; Exploitative Migration; Indonesian Women
Yamada International House, 56 E. Union Street, Athens OH 45701 (740) 593-1840