By Chozin Muhammad
In the 1980s, cyanide fishing, was introduced by outside fishermen. This method uses poison (potassium cyanide) to stun valuable fish. They targeted live fish in and around coral reefs. This method of capturing fish is also destroying coral reefs. Potassium cyanide they injected to the reefs leads to coral bleach and eventually coral death. Yet, the emergence of cyanide fishing has greatly increased fishery income.
Along with the rise of cyanide fishing, the scale of bombing is also rising. The increasing wealth of cyanide fishermen encouraged blast fishermen to increase their catch in order to gain more wealth. This was abetted by more market demand for fish on the mainland.
Some new fish landing ports (TPI), such as Paotere and Rajawali in South Sulawesi were established by the government to expand fish markets. Furthermore, some fish processing companies have opened in the new industrial zone, KIMA, in the capital city of Makassar. These companies have access to international markets, which contribute to the increase of illegal fishing practices in the Spermonde archipelago.
Access to capital and materials to make ANFO bombs is currently more open, so the practice of blast fishing is also growing. It has even extended beyond the
Spermonde Archipelago, to areas such as the Sabalana Archipelago and the water around the mainland Kalimantan.
© 2011 Chozin Muhammad
In this section:
History of blast fishing:
After Indonesian independence
Also in this section :
Social Relationships on Balobaloang
Patron-client relationship in blast fishing groups
Life of a young juragang
Life of a sawi
Religious and cultural values of blast fishermen
The role of women in blast fishing
The relationship between blast fishermen and other fishermen