environmental background
political dimension
socio-cultural dimension
making Sharing Paradise
about us

Patron-client relationships and the participatory process
By Amelia Hapsari

Chozin Muhammad elaborated about Patron-client relationships in the section "Patron-client relationships in blast fishing groups". Although his research took place in a blast fishermen society, the same pattern for Patron-client relationships existed in various settings in Bugis culture. In a cargo ship, the owner of the ship was the patron (juragang or punggawa), while the crew members of the ship were his clients (sawi). Even in a small fishing boat, someone who came to fish with a fisherman who owned the boat became the sawi or the client of the boat owner.

In the participatory video project, Patron-client relationships influenced the production process and meetings. The clients were usually quiet during production meetings where their juragang or patron was present. Sometimes fishermen also saw themselves as in lower position than ship owners, so they also tended to say less in front of people with higher social status.

To overcome the status barrier, the filmmaker had to conduct smaller and more informal meetings with different groups. By conducting activities in various settings, participation and voices from different groups, especially those who were lower positioned in the power structure, could be accommodated and encouraged.  

In this section :
The making of Sharing Paradise
The making of Sharing Paradise: An anthropologistís footnote

What is a participatory video?

Getting the fishermen involved
Sharing Paradise: Living in a tangled web of relationships

Ethnic and religious dimensions:
America, the evil empire
Chinese, the emperor of the market

Language dimension

Reflections by the filmmaker




Sharing Paradise
Sharing Paradise Study Guide