Participatory concept often assumes a notion of equality among all community members. This notion can be challenged by the social structure of the community. In Bugis culture, where this project took place, one form of social relationship considered some people as patrons and some as clients. A patron owns ships, coconut trees, or other valuable capitals, while clients work for the patron in exchange of protection and livelihood. The status difference between patrons and clients influence the way people participate in the project.
This section will elaborate the dynamics and the nature of this patron-and-client or "punggawa sawi" relationship in Bugis/Makassar culture. Chozin Muhammad conducted an ethnographic research with a community of blast fishermen in Spermonde Archipelago. In his thesis "Illegal but common: life of blast fishermen" Chozin Muhammad wrote an ethnographic account of a community who were aware that they did something against the law, but did it anyway.
Since people in Spermonde Archipelago live in similar cultural settings as Balobaloang people, selected chapters from Muhammad's thesis can provide a more in-depth look into social relationships among the people within Bugis/Makassar culture, as well as the a dynamite fishing community.
In this section :
Social Relationships on Balobaloang
Illegal but common: life of blast fishermen
History of blast fishing
After Indonesian independence
Patron-client relationship in blast fishing groups
Life of a young juragang
Life of a sawi
Religious and cultural values of blast fishermen
The role of women in blast fishing
The relationship between blast fishermen and other fishermen